Agile and Scrum: What and Why?

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When you’re working on a project, you aim for the success of the project, right? Surely, there are some objectives that you want to achieve. That is why it’s essential to have a good project management system that can help you accomplish your goals. I’m here to save the day and introduce you to a method that will help you manage your project efficiently!

Currently, I’m working on a software development project for PPL course with a team of five. Among many software development methodologies, we decide to use one widely used by many. The method is no other than the famous Agile Methodology.

So what is agile methodology?

Agile refers to a set of methodologies used in software development that involves collaboration, self-organization, and adaptiveness. The word “agile” itself is defined as the ability to move quickly — or in this context the ability to respond to changes. This methodology is based on a manifesto created by 17 software developers in Utah who wanted to suggest a new mindset — “doing it and helping others do it”. There are 12 principles applied in the agile manifesto along with four values :

Me, My Team, and Agile

As we’ve discussed before, agile methodology is focused on the people doing the work and how they do the work. It revolves around teamwork and a disciplined project management process. Unlike other methodology, Agile will break down the the products into smaller parts and deliver the product incrementally instead of delivering the product all at once. By doing so, I (and I’m pretty sure the rest of my team members too) felt helped in staying focused on what needs to be done for one sprint. It also encourages us to be productive and improving what can be improved if there’s a spare time.

Another point is that we also feel a deep collaboration with the customer so that we’re not designing and developing the product blindly. Through some reviews and suggestions, we’re able to fix what’s lacking in the design and the functionalities from sprint to sprint. Internally, the communication among the members of my team is also very fluid as we would communicate whenever we’re facing a difficulty in a process.

The vital tool of agile is iterations. As there are various development methods used in agile, iterations are achieved in different ways. In this PPL project, my team use the scrum method. There’s a term in scrum called sprint which is a timeframe where the development team needs to complete defined tasks in order to accomplish certain goals.

Before we cover the depths of agile methodology, let’s get into scrum first so we can understand how it works in the agile workflow.


Scrum is one of the many development methods of agile methodology. On my PPL project we implement scrum so our team would be organized and able to finish more work in less time. Scrum consists of sprints that typically lasts for two until three weeks. In my case, one sprint takes two weeks. During a sprint, my team will run a series of steps that will help us achieve pre-established goals. To understand how scrum works, we need to know the actors of scrum :

Now that we understand the roles, let’s get into the workflow!

Scrum in the Agile Workflow

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1. Requirements. Before designing a product, we need to gather requirements for the product. These requirements will cover the goals that the product wants to achieve, the features that the product will support, and the features that the goal will not support. Product owner will place all these requirement and task into the product backlog. In the scrum framework, this phase can also be called the sprint planning. It is also the phase where my team divide the tasks we want to do for a sprint and assign a member to the task(s). Here’s an example on how my team splits the tasks:

2. Design. Once the requirements are gathered, the development team — me and my team mates — must decide how we will meet the requirements. For the software itself, we discussed about the programming language, tools, frameworks, and libraries that are suitable. Functionality is important, but so is user experience. On the front-end side, we also prepare a UI mock-up along with the application prototype. For the subsequent sprint, the design will be reviewed and refined if necessary.

3. Development. This phase is centered around writing codes that will turn the design into an actual functional software. Compared to other phase, the development phase may take the longest time.

4. Testing. After the development phase, a series of test must be conducted to make sure that the application is compatible and functioning accordingly. In this phase, the development team will make sure that the code is clean and bug-free.

5. Deployment. The product will be deployed once it has passed all the test whether as a demo or a finished product. In this phase which is also known as the sprint review, the result of previous steps will be delivered to the client. While presenting, the client may give feedbacks about the product. The client can also address if there are any changes regarding the requirements. This is where the ability to adapt is needed.

6. Review. After demonstrating the product of the sprint, product owner will conduct a meeting with the development team to talk about the previous sprint. The work of the team will be reviewed along with what can be improved for the next sprint. This step is also called sprint retrospective.

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